Small Intestine Cancer
Small intestine cancer affects about 2.3 per 100,000 men and women per year, with deaths at .4 per 100,000. Within their lifetime, .3 percent of men and women will be diagnosed with small intestine cancer.
Though small intestine cancer is not among the most common types of cancer, nonetheless it affects a significant amount of people. Because the recovery rate can vary so drastically depending on when it’s caught, it’s important to know how to identify it.
How Does Small Intestine Cancer Develop?
For many cancers, which are usually denoted by the body part they occur in, there are actually multiple types. Small intestine cancer is noteworthy in that there are five types of small intestine cancer: adenocarcinoma, sarcoma carcinoid tumors, gastrointestinal stromal tumors, and lymphoma.
Of those, adenocarcinoma and sarcoma carcinoid tumors are the most likely. Adenocarcinoma is a tumor that occurs in glandular cells. Meanwhile, leoimyosarcoma, a particularly common type of sarcoma carcinoid tumor, occurs in smooth muscle cells.
What Are the Symptoms of Small Intestine Cancer?
The symptoms of small intestine cancer include: abdominal pain, weight loss, abdominal lumps, and blood in the stool. If you observe any of these symptoms, you should go for a check up with your doctor immediately.
The list of diagnostic tools is fairly large: physical exams to check for signs like lumps, blood chemistry tests, liver function tests, endoscopies, laparotomies, biopsies, and more.
What Can I Do to Treat Small Intestine Cancer?
The treatments for small intestine cancer vary depending on the stage of the cancer found. Surgery is used to remove the affected parts of an organ. Radiation can also be used to kill what’s remaining after surgery, and can be directed so as to avoid damaging healthy tissue. Chemotherapy, meanwhile, systematically and aggressively targets fast growing cells. It can be applied regionally or globally.
Small intestine cancer caught at its beginning stages has as high as an 85.3 percent survival rate, whereas small intestine cancer that’s spread has only a 42.2 percent survival rate. Because of this, it’s important to try and catch it early.